Time-Resolved Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Spectroscopy

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The theory of time-resolved EPR spectroscopy does not differ in the first place from the general theory of magnetic resonance. Only the occurrence of lines with enhanced absorptive or emissive polarization, the so-called electron spin polarization (ESP), requires an additional explanation.

EPR spectroscopy

Together with the far more widespread nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, EPR spectroscopy belongs to the methods of magnetic resonance.

Both methods are based on the alignment of the spin (electron or nuclear spin) in an external magnetic field and the possibility of inducing transitions between these two states by electromagnetic radiation of corresponding wavelength (microwave in the EPR, radio frequency in the NMR).


  • Goldfarb, Daniella, Stoll, Stefan (Ed.) (2018): EPR Spectroscopy: Fundamentals and Methods, John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, UK
  • Atherton, N. M. (1993): Principles of Electron Spin Resonance, Ellis Horwood Ltd., Chichester
  • Brustolon, Marina; Giamello, Elio (2009): Electron Paramagnetic Resonance: A Practitioner's Toolkit, Wiley, Hoboken
  • Carrington, Alan; McLachlan, Andrew D. (1967): Introduction to Magnetic Resonance. With Applications To Chemistry and Chemical Physics, Harper & Row, New York
  • Poole, Charles P.; Farach, Horacio A. (1987): Theory of Magnetic Resonance, John Wiley & Sons, New York
  • Slichter, Charles P. (1963): Principles of Magnetic Resonance, Harper & Row, New York
  • Weil, John A.; Bolton, James R. (2007): Electron Paramagnetic Resonance: Elementary Theory and Practical Applications, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken

Time-resolved EPR spectroscopy

Time-resolved EPR spectroscopy is a direct method for observing spin dynamics and electron spin polarization (ESP) during the formation of spin-polarised paramagnetic species, e.g. radical pairs or triplet states. The measured quantity is the temporal development of transient magnetization. The ESP determines the sign (absorption or emission) of the EPR signal.


  • Biskup, Till (2013): Time-resolved EPR of radical pair intermediates in cryptochromes, Molecular Physics 111:3698-3703
  • Biskup, Till (2019): Structure-function relationship of organic semiconductors: Detailed insights from time-resolved EPR spectroscopy, Frontiers in Chemistry 7:10
  • Forbes, Malcolm D.E.; Jarocha, Lauren E.; Sim, SooYeon; Tarasov, Valery F. (2013): Time-resolved electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy: History, technique, and application to supramolecular and macromolecular chemistry, Advances in Physical Organic Chemistry 47:1-83
  • Weber, Stefan (2017): Transient EPR, eMagRes 6:255-270
theory/index.txt · Last modified: 2020/10/08 08:22 by till